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OMAN LOCATION & TOPOGRAPHY

LOCATION
Oman is situated on the southeast corner of the Arabian Peninsula. The Oman coastline extends 1,700 Km from the straits of Hormuz in the north, to the borders of Yemen in the south and overlooks three seas: The Arabian Gulf, The Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. Oman borders Saudi Arabia in the west; the United Arab Emirates in the northeast, Yemen in the south; straits of Hormuz in the north and the Arabian Sea in the east.

The Total land area of Oman is around 309,500 sq. km which makes it the third largest country in the Arabian Peninsula.

TOPOGRAPHY
Oman possesses a rich & diverse topography ranging from rugged mountains and rocky deepwater fjords in the North, to the spectacular dunes of Sharqiyah (Wahiba) Sands and two large salt flats in the centre, to the lush green hills of the Dhofar region in the South, with rugged coasts and placid beaches stretching along the 1,700 Km coastline.

The northern coastal strip along the Gulf of Oman is known as the Batinah Coast; a narrow fertile plain separated from the rest of the country by the Hajar Mountains. The highest peak is Jabal Shams (Sun Mountain) at 3,075 m. The southern slopes of the range are notable for their oasis towns where date groves flourish in the dry desert air.

In the south lies the second mountain range in Oman; the Qara Mountains, which attract the light monsoon rains during the mid-summer months, turning them green with vegetation. The roots of this vegetation help delay the effects of erosion resulting in a soft rolling landscape more akin to central Africa.

As in the north, a narrow fertile coast plain lies between the mountains and the sea. Salalah lies in the centre of this coastal plain, surrounded by lush vegetable farms and coconut groves.